Also called sugar substitutes, artificial sweeteners are products that are used to sweeten food and drinks instead of natural sweeteners or refined sugar.
Artificial sweeteners may be low/zero calories and may not contribute to cavities, but that does not mean they are healthy. Artificial sweeteners have been linked to serious health problems, and when we eat foods or drink liquids containing them, they come at a consequence. There is nothing natural or health-enhancing about these products at all. Synthetic chemicals are not what the body was built to metabolize.
The Center for Science in the Public Interest cautions everyone to avoid common sweeteners because they are unsafe consumed in large amounts, or are very poorly tested and not worth the risk. No long-term independent human studies have been completed on any of these substances to determine their effect on the body, and yet we do know they can harm us.
In a US study of 18,000 people, consuming one or more artificially sweetened diet drink per day increased their risk of acquiring metabolic disorders by 30 to 40%.
Artificial Sweeteners Induce Glucose Intolerance
Artificial sweeteners don't get absorbed by the body. They are artificial chemicals that simply sweeten foods. But when taken over a long period of time, studies show that they affect how the body responds to normal sugar (or glucose) by causing higher sugar spikes and longer blood glucose level declines (caused by the pancreas over-producing insulin).(1)&(2)
Similar to taking supplements (most of which composed of artificial chemicals), the body knows the difference natural substances and artificial chemicals and treats these chemicals as toxins that need to be eliminated.
Commonly Used Artificial Sweeteners
Let's take a look at the most common artificial sweeteners available today and the brand names they are sold under:
- Saccharin (Sweet’N Low®)
Saccharin is a sulfonamide, which means it can cause an allergic reaction in people who are allergic to sulfa drugs. Tests conducted on lab rodents found that saccharin caused higher rates of bladder cancer.
- Sucralose (Splenda®)
Splenda® is a synthetic compound discovered in 1976 when British scientists were attempting to create a pesticide. The sucralose in Splenda® is a chlorinated molecule that is the basis for the product DDT (a highly toxic pesticide), and which can accumulate in body fat. This molecule does not occur in nature, and the body does not possess a natural ability to metabolize it. In short, it is recognized, treated, and metabolized as a toxin. From a chemical perspective, sucralose is more chemically similar to DDT than it is to sugar. Even though sucralose tastes like sugar, to the body it is not sugar, nor is it processed as sugar.
- Acesulfame-K / Acesulfame Potassium (Sunett®)
In lab rodents, acesulfame-K has produced lung, breast, and organ tumors, leukemia, and respiratory diseases.
- Neotame (NutraSweet®)
Another artificial sweetener, Neotame is composed of aspartame (see below) and dimethylbutyl.
- Sugar Alcohols
Sugar alcohols are hydrogenated carbohydrates that come from a variety of natural sources. The most common sugar alcohols are erythritol, glucitol/sorbitol, glycerol/glycerin, isomalt, lactitol, maltitol, mannitol, sorbitol, and xylitol. They are not linked to any severe health problems, but because they are more difficult for the body to digest, they often cause gastrointestinal issues such as diarrhea.
Aspartame (NutraSweet® & Equal®)
Aspartame is of particular concern because it contains phenylalanine (50%), aspartic acid (40%), and methanol (10%), three well-recognized neurotoxins. Phenylalanine can concentrate in the brain and excessive levels may disrupt serotonin levels, causing mood and personality changes. Aspartic acid increases nerve cell stimulation, which can lead to the development of chronic nervous system disorders. Methanol distributes throughout the body, metabolizing into formaldehyde.
At least 90 different symptoms are associated with consuming Aspartame, including:(3)
- Nausea, gastrointestinal disorders, increased appetite, edema, fatigue
- Dizziness, headaches, blurred vision, slurred speech, tinnitus, hearing loss, memory loss
- Hallucinations, seizures
- Mild to suicidal depression, mood & personality changes, anxiety attacks, violent episodes, PMS
- Chest pain, muscle cramps, joint pain, numbness/tingling of extremities, skin lesions
- Hyperactivity, heart arrhythmia, insomnia
Aspartame has also been linked to chronic pain experienced by fibromyalgia sufferers.(4) Even though these symptoms are very disconcerting, fortunately most of them are alleviated once aspartame use is discontinued.
Dr. John W. Olney, a neuroscientist from the University of Washington and an authority on excitotoxins warned that Aspartame, when tested on mice, created holes in their brains.
A study published in the journal Environmental Science & Technology found that artificial sweeteners are appearing in rivers, lakes, and in our municipal tap water. In 2009, Swiss scientists took water samples from various waste-water treatment plants, four rivers, and nine lakes in Switzerland and tested them for the presence of artificial sweeteners. They found acesulfame-K, sucralose, saccharin, and cyclamate in the water tested. All four of these chemicals are found in diet sodas.
A recent test of 19 municipal water supplies in the US revealed the presence of sucralose in every one.
- Choosing natural sweeteners
- Health dangers of artificial sweeteners
- Refined sugar
- Refined sugar & chronic disease
- Soda's, pop & energy drinks
- Additives & chemicals in our food
- What are processed & refined foods
- The Dirty Dozen: What they are & why you should avoid them
- Addicted to sugary foods? Kick that addiction now
- Get off the diet merry-go-round
- Healthy food choices for children
- Healthy food choices for pets
- The FDA: Failure to protect human & pet food
- Food pyramids & food politics
View Sources & References
- (1) Artificial sweeteners & the neurobiology of sugar cravings. Yale J Biol Med. 2010 Jun; 83(2): 101–108.
- (2) Artificial sweeteners induce glucose intolerance by altering the gut microbia. Nature. 2014 Oct 9;514(7521):181-6.
- (3) Shane Ellison, Organic Chemist
- (4) Aspartame-induced fibromyalgia - Clin Exp Rheumatol. 2010 Nov-Dec;28(6 Suppl 63):S131-3.
- Dr. Mercola